The end of desktop vs. web apps. Hybrid apps are no longer the futuretheyre now.
In my career Ive heard lots of predictionsApple will go out of business; soon there will be only six or seven websites; the browser is dead; well all be running thin clients; Java will replace C/C++ everywherethat I havent believed.
The most recent is the prediction that desktop apps are dead, that soon everything will be a web app.
I actually believe thats correct, in a wayyoure going to see fewer and fewer desktop apps that know nothing about the internet.
But the thing about software industry predictions is that theyre usually somewhere between dead wrong and partly right in a way. This particular prediction is partly right, in a waybut it misses out totally on all the fun.
Whats a web app, whats a desktop app?
Where does the code run? What kind of code is allowed to run? What kind of resources can the code access?
And then, of course, you can trick out your browser (depending on which one you use) by installing some cool extensionswhich then run on your desktop too, even though theyre all about the web.
However, widgets can also contain Cocoa code and can access local resources. They can also have nothing at all to do with the web, even though theyre made of web dust.
iPhoto is perhaps a desktop appexcept that Ive installed FlickrExport, and iPhoto itself reads and writes RSS feeds. Similarly, iCal subscribes to calendars published via Google. My Address Book syncs over the web.
Text editors know about FTP and can usually display HTML. SubEthaEdit even does collaboration over the network. VoodooPad is a wikia web thing, clearlythat can generate websites, yet is a Cocoa app. Skitch makes it super-easy to share locally-created images over the web.
MarsEdit gives me one interface for a bunch of different weblog systems. Adium does the same thing for chat, and uses HTML for display, even though its not a browser.
Delicious Library talks to Amazon. Coda is clearly a web app, in the sense that its entirely about the web and does HTML, networking, and so on. Google Desktop lets you search your Gmail messages on your desktop. Webmail is a special browser just for GMail. QuickSilver is web-savvy, and its also pretty savvy about the files and apps on my hard drive.
And then theres iTunes. I cant imagine wanting to store my songs anywhere but on my desktop, especially when I sync my iPod. But I also like the integration of the music storewhich may not be HTML (I dont know what it is), but its something conceptually similar. And of course the music store exists somewhere in the internet, even though the code to display and interact with it lives in iTunes. iTunes is a specialized web app container.
Look, it works the other direction too
If you havent checked out Apollo, Silverlight, Slingshot, DjangoKit, and POW, you ought to.
The idea behind these is to write web apps that run on your desktop.
Heres what the Joyent site says about Slingshot: Joyent Slingshot enables Rails to break free of the browser. It breaks down the wall between a Web application and a desktop application without losing what makes a Web application great…
Well, that sounds pretty cool. I havent tried any of these yet, but its an exciting direction. (Aside: we did similar work at UserLand years ago. But that was then, and the world is slow to catch up.)
Last thing: Twitterrific
Ive said before that I wouldnt use Twitter were it not for Twitterrific. None of my browsers can provide the user interface that Twitterrific provides: floating window, not in widget space, doesnt crash when my browser crashes.
The Twitter folks were smart to provide an easy-to-use API that makes apps like Twitterrific possible. And Twitter works with IM and phones, and you can put a widget on your weblog, and who knows what all else.
Its smart because we live in a multiple-platform worldand in a world where different people have different tastes. Theres not one soda everybody drinks: theres diet, and vanilla and cherry, and diet-vanilla-cherry, and caffeine-free. Plus root beer.
Its a hybrid world
Rather than make a predictionlike Look out! Hybrid apps are coming!Im just recognizing what is true right now: hybrid apps are here.
Anyone who wants to do everything in just one desktop app, the browser, canprovided they dont mind giving up protected memory and all that modern goodness.
But most folks are going to make app-by-app decisions, and developers are going to try a whole bunch of different approaches.
If it looks like an exciting age of experimentation, thats because it is. [inessential.com]